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Farm monitoring system

This device allows to monitor how many and which animals have left the farm, determine which animals are outside during the paddock, and their walking distance. Search module can locate a lost animal with distance indication based on wireless signal level.

For locating and accounting animals, each animal carries a collar with wireless microcontroller which has an embedded radio beacon and battery power indicator. Battery's life is one year roughly. Each collar generates a unique code in pseudo-random amount of time, that allows to determine animals quantity and also which of them are within registator working area. In case of battery discharge, collar LED starts to blink; this information is submitted to the registator as well. Using Atmel microcontroller makes collar extremely cheap and power effective. It also provides an interface for re-programming.

Collar's transmitting part scheme.

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